Who is Lucifer? Most of us have been taught it’s Satan, but evidence in the Bible suggests otherwise.
We continue laying the groundwork for our upcoming study of Babylon the Great by showing the connections between Babylon, Babel, and the chief god of Assyria. Assur was the Assyrian form of Enlil, whose name in Akkadian was Ellil. As we showed last week, Ellil/Enlil was the name from which the prophet Isaiah created the word usually translated into English as “worthless idol.”
In Isaiah 14:12, the prophet names the rebel kicked out of Eden as Helel ben Shachar, translated into English as Day Star (or Lucifer), son of Dawn. Scholar William Gallagher showed in a 1993 paper that Helel is the West Semitic form of Ellil—meaning that “Lucifer,” based on the Latin words for “light-bringer,” was Enlil. Thus, we believe the king of Babylon mentioned in Isaiah 14:4 is actually the melek babel, the “king of Babel,” or “king of the god-gate.”
We believe the evidence identifies this creature, known elsewhere in the ancient Near East as El, Dagon, Kronos, and Saturn, as Shemihazah, leader of the rebellious sons of God in Genesis 6:1–4. Since he’s in Tartarus, the bottomless pit (2 Peter 2:4), he cannot be Satan.
The other key detail in Isaiah 14 is the missing “the.” Isaiah 14:25 foretells the destruction of “the Assyrian”—but the definite article “the” is not in the Hebrew text. The Hebrew word aššur can mean Assyria, but it is also the name of this entity, Assur—AKA Enlil, El, Molech, Shemihazah, et al. Thus, Isaiah 14:24–27 is a prophecy of the future destruction of the fallen Watcher who led the Genesis 6 rebellion on Mount Hermon—on the mountains of Israel! Is this an Old Testament reference to Armageddon?